Water and Sanitation
The majority of population in Pakistan is exposed to hazards of drinking unsafe and polluted water. Pakistan spends around one quarter of a percentage point of its GDP on water supply and sanitation. Sanitary conditions are appalling. Pakistan is losing 4% of its economy due to the lack of the basic facilities of sanitation. Although the world has met the global UN Millennium Development Goal (MDG) of halving the proportion of people without access to improved water sources, progress towards sanitation access remains the most off-track of all the sanitation related MDG targets in Pakistan.
In Pakistan, more than 34 million people defecate in the open, with devastating consequences for the health and development of children, says the United Nations Children Fund (UNICEF) on world toilet day. Diarrhea is the main cause of more than half of all the deaths of children under the age of five. Poor water and sanitation has also a direct link with the education of the children as they miss their schools due to the inadequate facilities of sanitation and water.
Only 48% of Pakistan total population has access to improved sanitation facilities and nearly 40% of children under the age of five are malnourished and underweight. (World Development Indicators 2014, World Bank report)
With WASH interventions, CHC wants to improve health, education, child and maternal survival, gender equality and dignity and enhancing the quality of life for the most vulnerable group. CHC will focus on bringing water and sanitation in schools and capacity building of community, sustainability of water availability in terms of portability, adequacy, convenience and affordability.